November 22, 2011 Global Challenges: Identity Last week: Security Grand, global strategy that relies on militarism Grounded, multidimensional approach that is centered on human security Today: Culture, Identity, and Globalization What is culture? A set of values, attitudes, and practices shared by a community of people We tend to think in terms of national culture But which comes first: nation or culture? Recall: Regimes of Territorial Legitimating Territory is historically associated with a distinctive cultural group – defined in ethno-linguistic terms (e.g. Denmark, Poland) Territory is historically associated with a distinctive cultural group – defined in ethno-religious terms (e.g. Israel, India) Territory had some long-standing historical existence as a political-territorial construct (e.g. Egypt, Mongolia) Territory is a distinct physical environmental unit Political regimes transmits cultural values, attitudes and practices to “the masses” Educational regimes, anthems, citizenship tests. Also, “banal nationalism” (there are all
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