Outlines for IS Exam - 1(a) Explain how the organization of...

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1(a) Explain how the organization of production has changed over the last thirty years, then illustrate your argument with an example? What challenges has this created in terms of labor organizing? Give two specific examples of new forms of organizing in response to these challenges. Organization of production has shifted from Fordism to Post-Fordism/Flexible Model. Fordism was Producer Driven, In-house production, vertical integration (own your own factories), just in case inventories, economies of scale (produces standard product) . Post-Fordism was Market Driven, Outsourced to subcontractors, Horizontal integration, just in time inventories, economies of scope (various different models of a product) Example: Nike and Wal-Mart are 2 key models that followed this…made possible by the drive toward free trade and failing costs of telecommunications and transportation—more and more efficient (cheaper) to be able to move towards this kind of production and model. Positives of this are: Outsourcing means workers in the global north can be put to more effective use, sourcing efficiency reduces costs to consumers, SEZs and call centers provide new points of entry into the paid workforce…. Challenges created in terms of labor organizing: 1. Deindustrialization in core regions a. Loss of “blue collar” work b. Feminization of labor force c. “Crisis” in masculinities d. Vulnerability of middle class to downward mobility e. Gains made by top 1% 2. Highly uneven process a. Widening inequalities between “megacities” and provincial towns or rural areas in global south b. SEZ’s and industrial parks walled off from wider econ. c. Manufacturing base shrinking in some areas 3. “Race to the bottom” a. Manufacturing constantly moves towards weakly regulated EPZs b. Poor working conditions and wages prevail c. Workers unable to unionize d. Companies are always looking to produce more cheaply which creates competition 2 Examples of new forms of organizing in response to these challenges: Fair trade-SERRV Living Wage Campaign 2.(a) What is democracy; what are its defining features? What are two key
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factors considered to be crucial in producing stable, substantive democracies and why? Identify and elaborate one challenge and one opportunity that contemporary globalization poses for democratic practice. What is democracy: “…a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2012 for the course INT STUD 101 taught by Professor Stephenyoung during the Fall '11 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.

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Outlines for IS Exam - 1(a) Explain how the organization of...

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