Plato pleasure essay

Plato pleasure essay - Hargreaves 1 PLATO ON PLEASURE BY...

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Hargreaves 1 PLATO ON PLEASURE BY: JOHN HARGREAVES In Philebus , Plato clearly dictates two distinct restoration models of pleasure. Using Socrates as the main character, Plato creates a philosophical discussion between him and the son of Callias, Protarchus. Although few lines are spoken, Philebus also plays an important role. “Youth friend”, as his name is interpreted, represents pleasure and hedonism. Conversely, Plato uses Socrates to represent intellect. The main theme of the story focuses on the question of, “What is the good life?” Before it is possible to answer this question, one must know the definition of the word “good”. For Plato, the “good” must be: 1. Perfect 2. Self-sufficient 3. Most choice-worthy According to Plato, there are three candidates for the good life: Pleasure, rationality, and a mixture of the two. Is the good life achieved exclusively through hedonistic actions? Or is it attained through rationality and intellect? Can it be possible the good life can be achieved through a balance of pleasure as well as wisdom? Not far into the story, Socrates establishes four different categories of things that exist in the universe. They include the limited, the unlimited, a mixture of limited and unlimited, as well as the cause of the mixture of limited and unlimited. For our purposes, the limited are things that have limits, such as equality. For example, equality has limits because something is either equal or it is not. Something cannot be more or less equal than something else; there are no terms of degrees. The unlimited are things that do not
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Hargreaves 2 have limits and can have terms of degrees. Temperature is a fine example of the unlimited. Things can be hotter or colder than other things, and there is no limit on how hot or how cold something can possibly be. The mixture has both qualities of the limited and unlimited as the name suggests. Take for example, the health of an individual. While it is reasonable to say health is limited because all human beings will eventually die, it is also true to say that health is unlimited because there is no highest degree of health
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Plato pleasure essay - Hargreaves 1 PLATO ON PLEASURE BY...

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