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You passed this Milestone20questions were answeredcorrectly.4questions were answeredincorrectly.1How did the American economy in the 1970s differ from the economy in previousdecades?•The inflation rate increased more slowly than it had previously.•The United States exported more goods than it imported.•Oil became an important commodity in the South.•The United States fell into an economic recession.CONCEPTThe 1970s2In 2011, revolts associated with the Arab Spring shook the Middle East. The protests inone country led to forceful responses by its president and eventually a civil war, whichwas still continuing in 2017.Select the map that accurately depicts in red the country in which this occurred.••••RATIONALEThe country that devolved into an ongoing civil war following the “Arab Spring” is Syria,which is located just south of Turkey on the Mediterranean Sea.CONCEPTAmerica and the World in the 21st Century3Why did the Ronald Reagan administration’s Strategic Defense Initiative drawpublic criticism?•
It was believed to violate international treaties and it was extremely expensive.•The chances for a Soviet nuclear attack were extremely remote.•It used nuclear power and NATO nations felt threatened.•The defense system had not been proven to be impenetrable.RATIONALEPresident Reagan escalated the Cold War through a resurgence of weaponsdevelopment and military spending, exemplified by the Strategic Defense Initiative (or“Star Wars”). The Strategic Defense Initiative attempted to develop a space-baseddefensive shield to protect the United States from a Soviet missile strike. It wascriticized for possibly violating existing treaties and for its expense, which wasestimated to be as much as $7.5 billion.CONCEPTThe End of the Cold War4Choose the true statement about the American economy in the early 2000s.•The decade ended with unemployment at a historically low level.•The George W. Bush administration cut tax rates for the wealthy, furtherwidening the gap between rich and poor.•The federal government produced a balanced budget most years.•Private employers raised wages for average workers to compete with companies thatsent jobs overseas.CONCEPTThe American Economy in the 21st Century5Which statement regarding the "New World Order" after the Cold War ended istrue?•The "New World Order” was an idealistic vision of cooperation among nations todeter war and protect human rights.•
The "New World Order" was a continuation of Cold War foreign policy in that it soughtto eradicate communism.•The "New World Order" led the United States to reassert an isolationist foreign policy.•The "New World Order" prioritized unilateral action over international coalitions.CONCEPTA New World Order6The AIDS crisis of the 1980s and government inaction in response to it causedorganizations like ACT UP to grow.