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1Discrimination in the housing sector after World War II allowed whites to live in housesthey owned in the suburbs, but when blacks tried to buy homes in predominately whiteneighborhoods, they were often unable to do so because of legal agreements or contractsthat prevented white property owners from selling their houses to black buyers.These agreements or contracts were called __________.•redlining•covenants•conservations•block bustingCONCEPTThe Origins of Brown V Board2Which of the following World War II events happened first?•Germany launched a "blitzkrieg" against Poland.•Britain and France adopted a policy of appeasement toward Germany.•Joseph Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler.•The United States implemented a cash and carry policy.CONCEPTNeutrality to Involvement3The United States, while concerned with the rise of fascism, was committed tononintervention in European affairs in the 1930s for which of the following reasons?•Russia was committed to stopping the spread of fascism and the rise of NaziGermany.•The United States did not fully comprehend the scale of Adolf Hitler's anti-Semiticcampaigns.•The United States was already committed to defending China from Japan.•Franklin Roosevelt signed a non-aggression pact with Hitler in the 1930s.CONCEPTNeutrality to Involvement4The United Nations issued a Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.Which of the following statements reflects an idea contained in the United Nations'Universal Declaration of Human Rights?•All nations are bound to defend this Declaration if another nation violates it.•Slavery is wrong no matter where or why it occurs.
•All war should be outlawed for the good of the world.•Human rights are impossible to define.CONCEPTCold War and the Civil Rights Movement5What was one reason president John Kennedy was slow to put forth an aggressivecivil rights agenda?•His administration prioritized engineering an exit from Vietnam.•He believed strongly in the rights of the states to govern themselves.•He was waiting for committee reports investigating racism.•He didn’t have the support of Congress on the issue.CONCEPTThe Early 1960s6Read the excerpt from a presidential committee report published in 1947, at the beginningof the Cold War."The international reason for acting to secure our civil rights now is not to win the approvalof our totalitarian critics. We would not expect it if our record were spotless; to them our civilrights record is only a convenient weapon with which to attack us. Certainly we would like todeprive them of that weapon. But we are more concerned with the good opinion of the peoplesof the world."The excerpt twice refers to “them.” Who is “them?”•Communist China•The Soviet Union•White supremacists•African AmericansCONCEPTCold War and the Civil Rights Movement7"After the violence at Selma, our governor, George Wallace, refused to do anything about it,so I was proud of our president, who introduced and signed a bill into law which removedobstacles for African Americans and lent federal support to our cause."