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32402f13 - Introduction to Archaeology Class 13...

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Introduction to Archaeology: Class 13 Experimental archaeology and faunal analysis Copyright Bruce Owen 2002 Today we cover two basically unrelated topics: experimental archaeology and faunal analysis do the readings to get more of the story! Experimental archaeology reasonably well described by Thomas replication studies especially stone tools, but other technologies, too getting a sense of how stone tools could have been made although, as Thomas points out, not necessarily how it was actually done gives an idea of what was relatively easy and what was hard what objects would have been more or less desirable or valuable what objects are overdone for show, ritual, trade, etc. what objects suggest specialist craftspeople what objects imply procurement of special materials (if it can only be done with certain stone, for example) gives an idea of what was possible could a given kind of tool be used for a given purpose? example: can you tell from looking at a stone point whether it was used as a knife, on a spear, or on an arrow? could one person hunt a mammoth, or would it require a group? helps identify associated tools, like punches, hammerstones, etc. that might otherwise go unrecognized fluted point example: how did they do that? once a way (actually, now several have been proposed) was figured out to make the flutes, that raised other questions why go to all that trouble and risk of breaking many points? mechanical explanations: maybe the flutes allow for a spearhead to be hafted so that the head is not much thicker than the shaft, or rather, so the point is a narrow sharp edge around the end of the shaft ritual explanation: maybe successfully fluted points were powerful, blessed, etc., or the maker was these are questions and explanations we could not even have thought of without understanding a bit about the technology first atl-atl example what are these artifacts? OK, now we know what they were; what were they good for? how effective were they for different kinds of tasks? what would they allow people to do? historical sources experimental approach
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Introduction to Archaeology F 2002 / Owen: Experimental archaeology, faunal analysis p. 2 another kind of experimental archaeology: use-wear studies make a bunch of replica tools use them in the ways they might have been used cutting hides cutting meat cutting wood harvesting grain digging then examine the microscopic patterns of wear on the tools to see if different uses can be
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