a203-11f-26-Globalization

A203-11f-26-Globaliz - Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Class 26 Globalization Copyright Bruce Owen 2011(Some of the approach here is inspired

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Introduction to Cultural Anthropology: Class 26 Globalization Copyright Bruce Owen 2011 - (Some of the approach here is inspired by Richard Robbins , Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism ) - Globalization : the increasing interconnectedness of people, places, and activities around the globe - the global distribution of information by radio, television, and internet - the global distribution of consumer goods - the global network of production, shipping, sales, banking, etc. to produce, deliver, and pay for those goods - increasing contact and interaction between people of different cultures due to air travel, telephones, internet, foreign wars, etc. - some people define globalization as the homogenization of culture that supposedly results from this - but others (including me) feel it is better to use the term globalization for only the interconnectedness, - and not to include in the term an assumption about what the results of the interconnectedness may be - in fact, some of the consequences of increasing global connectedness are actually increased differences between people - as groups come into competition for limited resources, they often place more emphasis on boundary maintenance - more clearly marking the differences between themselves and the others through clothing, language, speech patterns, etc. - increasing interaction with others often leads to more othering - as we saw in an earlier class, creating group solidarity and individual identity by defining one’s own group by contrast with another - example: globalization leads to greater migration of workers towards places with better employment options - this often results in othering, stereotyping, and conflict - the native population emphasizing their difference from the immigrants - and the immigrants emphasizing their distinct ethnicity as way of maintaining dignity, solidarity, and defending themselves - example: places that want to attract tourism emphasize their distinct local culture - while globalization is usually seen as a late 20 th -century and 21 st century process, in fact it has been building up for a long time - arguably from the first Mesopotamian empire of Sargon of Akkad, around 2250 BC - or the empire of Alexander the Great (336-323 BC) - or the Roman empire (44 BC – 476 AD) - example of “globalization” in Roman times: the trade in sheer silk dresses from China, popular among rich women of Rome
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Intro to Cultural Anthro F 2011 / Owen: Globalization p. 2 - traded overland on the Silk Route to the Levant, then by ship in the Mediterranean to Rome - this was effectively global trade, as early as the time of Christ - The Roman senate tried to ban these dresses in 50 AD because the senators considered them immoral - both because they were too risqué and revealing - and also because they were shocked by the obscenely high cost of these unnecessary luxuries, and the supposed mistreatment of the poor, underpaid women who made them in China: - Pliny the Elder, The Natural History VI, 20:
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course ANTHRO 203.1 taught by Professor Owen during the Fall '11 term at Sonoma.

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A203-11f-26-Globaliz - Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Class 26 Globalization Copyright Bruce Owen 2011(Some of the approach here is inspired

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