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a340-11f-03-Culture - Living in our Globalized World Notes...

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Living in our Globalized World: Notes 3 Culture Copyright Bruce Owen 2011 - If you haven’t sent me a photo yet, remember to do so – “a340-11f-1-SimpsonBart.jpg” - This and parts of the next couple of classes is largely condensed from my Intro to Cultural Anthropology course - apologies to those who have already seen this material, but I want to get everyone onto the same page with these basic ideas - Kluckhohn, Queer Customs - the language of Kluckhohn’s article is a bit dated - written right after WWII, hence references to a Japanese Bansai charge and relocation camps. - but we can overlook that because at the time, they were standard - "man", "mankind", "he" in every case - “primitive tribes” p. 10 - Basically explaining the concept of culture - What is culture? - Kluckhohn gives at least 8 definitions or descriptions (or more, depending on what you count), plus at least one attributed to someone else (Ruth Benedict) - “the total lifeway of people, the social legacy the individual acquires from his group” p. 6 - “that part of the environment that is the creation of man” p. 6 - that is, the material culture we surround ourselves with, plus… - the shared ideas that affect how we perceive and interact with our environment - interpretations of things - rules of behavior and social relations, etc. - “a kind of blueprint for all of life’s activities” p. 6 - “a people’s design for living” p. 7 - “a way of thinking, feeling, believing. It is the group’s knowledge stored up (in memories of men; in books and objects) for future use” p. 9 - humans are born with less instinctive behavior than other animals, more ability to learn to do different things p. 9 - learned culture replaces instinct among humans p. 9 - “the distinctive ways of life of ... a group of people” p. 9 - “our social legacy, as contrasted with our organic heredity” p. 10 - all humans experience the same general biological facts and events - but different cultures place different meanings on them - which then call for different interpretations and responses - hunger - puberty - death - sex
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Anth 340: Living in our Globalized World F 2011 / Owen: Culture p. 2 - “a set of techniques for adjusting both to the external environment and to other men” p. 11 - “Culture is like a map. ... If you know a culture, you will know your way around in the life of a society” p. 11 - A different approach to defining culture (not from the Kluckhohn article) - Anthropologists generally agree that culture has the following characteristics: It is… - learned - any normal child learns the culture in which he or she is raised - Kluckhohn's example of the child of American missionaries raised in China - the child looked Euro-American, but thought and acted like a Chinese person - adults can learn other cultures too, but adults take longer to adopt a culture, and may never become fully acculturated - shared - that is, numerous people hold roughly the same set of beliefs, values, etc.
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