a340-11f-101-10-ChavezCh3WolfIntro - Living in our...

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Living in our Globalized World: Notes 10 Liminality and “People without history”: Chavez Chapter 3, Wolf Introduction Copyright Bruce Owen 2011 - Chavez: Shadowed Lives: Chapter 3, Crossing Borders pp. 45-65 - coyotes and pollos - the liminal state , “betwixt and between” - crossing - also, being in the US without documents - liminal space : the soccer field - what does this mean? - p.49: increased surveillance at the soccer field pushes migrants to cross nearer the All- American Canal along the California-Mexico border - update: over 500 drownings as of mid-2010 - now many immigrants cross into Arizona, in extremely harsh and mountainous desert, where hundreds each year die of thirst and exposure - vulnerability : people in liminal states are typically at risk - in the more usual use of the model of rites of passage, this is due to being in a socially and morally undefined state - the risk is seen as supernatural, or socially abnormal - people in liminal states are thought to be more likely to have visions, see spirits, get divine inspiration, etc. - as in shamans who are on the border between this world and the supernatural - or young people on a vision quest as part of their rite of passage into adulthood - in Chavez’s the metaphorical use of the model of rites of passage for undocumented
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a340-11f-101-10-ChavezCh3WolfIntro - Living in our...

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