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Unformatted text preview: OED: “Feminism”: 1. The qualities of females.
2. [After F. féminisme.] Advocacy of the rights of women (based on the theory of equality of the
(term coined in the 19c.) Proto-Feminism (pre-19c.): Concerned primarily with questions of women’s morality and
education. (Christine de Pizan, Jane Anger, Margaret Cavendish, Aphra Behn, Mary
Wollstonecraft Shelly) First-Wave Feminism: late 19th-early 20thc. Concerned with de jure (“officially mandated”)
inequalities and sought to initiate legal reform. Their one unifying goal was women’s suffrage,
but they certainly addressed many other topics (frequently disagreeing with one another). (Mary
Wollstonecraft Shelly(?), Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Olympia
Brown, Helen Pitts) Second-Wave Feminism: 1960s-1970s(??) Concerned with de facto (unofficial) inequalities and
sought to discuss the psychological, cultural, and linguistic impacts of gender injustice. (Simone
deBeauvoir(?), Betty Friedan, Kate Millett, Oprah Winfrey, Dale Spender) Third-Wave Feminism: 1980s-present(??) Rejection of “essentialist” definitions of “woman”
(Judith Butler, bell hooks(?), Luce Irigaray(?), Helene Cixous) ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course ENGL 20118 taught by Professor Weeks during the Fall '08 term at Notre Dame.
- Fall '08