Lecture5.ppt - Attacks On First Version: Why Must Uncaused...

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The Cosmological Argument Aquinas: 1225--1274; Clarke: 1675--1729 Background Sources Of Explanation: Three Options: Explained By a) Other, b) Nothing, c) Self Principle of Sufficient Reason Individual Things & Events Need An Explanation Positive Facts Need An Explanation
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The Argument First Version: A. Things Are Moved/Changed/Caused By Something Else B. This Cannot Go On Forever Problems With Infinite Regress C. Therefore, There Must Be A First Mover/Changer/Cause E. This Is God
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The Argument (cont.) Second Version: A. Every Being Is Either Dependent Or Self- Existent B. Not Every Being Can Be Dependent C. Therefore, There Must Be A Self-Existent Being D. This Is God
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Objections And Replies
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Unformatted text preview: Attacks On First Version: Why Must Uncaused Event Be God? Reply: Misunderstanding Point Of Argument Whats Wrong With Infinite Regress, Where Individual Events Are Each Explained By Another, Ad Infinitum Reply: But What Explains Series Of Events? Appealing To Second Part Of PSR Objections And Replies (cont.) Attacks On Second Version: Fallacy Of Composition -- Just Because Members Of Set Need Explanation, The Set Itself Does Not Reply: Again, Second Part Of PSR But Why Accept PSR??? Replies:1) Intuitive; 2) Presupposition Of Reason Why Doesnt PSR Apply To God? Appeal To Self-Existence?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course PHIL 10100 taught by Professor David during the Fall '08 term at Notre Dame.

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Lecture5.ppt - Attacks On First Version: Why Must Uncaused...

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