Lecture13.ppt

Lecture13.ppt - Laws Of Physics And Chemistry Brain As...

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FREEDOM AND DETERMINISM The Clash Between A Modern Account Of Thought On The One Hand, And Free Will, Human Agency And Moral Responsibility On The Other. Setting Out The Problem And Some Proposed Solutions
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Premise 1: Universe Governed By Deterministic Laws Matter Obeys Causal Regularity And Laws No Uncaused Events Potential For Exact Predictability Laplace’s Demon/Super-Computer Note: We Should be Thankful That The Universe Is Deterministic In This Way
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Premise 2: We Are Part Of This Deterministic Universe Plausibility Of Physicalism Mental Processes = Brain Processes Recall Arguments Against Dualism No Evidence Of Neurological Anomalies Brain Governed By Laws Of Physics Note: Even Property Dualisms Admit Behavior is Governed Solely By The Brain!
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Conclusion 1: Human Actions Are Determined!!! Human Action Determined By Brain Activity Brain Activity Governed By Interaction Of: Genetic Endowment Environmental Stimuli: Prior And Current
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Unformatted text preview: Laws Of Physics And Chemistry Brain As Organic Computer Complex But Determined Programs Potential For Manipulation (Being Sphexish) Note: Determinism Is Not Same As Fatalism Conclusion 2: We Arent Really Free!!! Hard Determinism : Freedom Requires Ability To Do Otherwise (Given Certain Background Conditions) We Lack The Ability To Do Otherwise (Because We Are Determined) Therefore, We Arent Free Freedom Is An Illusion!!! Like A Train That Thinks It Chooses To Go Down A Certain Path Conclusion 3: We Dont Have Moral Responsibility!!! Ought Implies Can To Say You Ought To Do Otherwise, We Must Assume You Can Do Otherwise. Determinism Denies You Can Do Otherwise. Therefore, It Is Wrong Say You Ought To Do Otherwise. Responsibility Requires Freedom. Comparing Different Cases: Psychopath vs. Stroke Victim...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course PHIL 10100 taught by Professor David during the Fall '08 term at Notre Dame.

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Lecture13.ppt - Laws Of Physics And Chemistry Brain As...

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