Lecture19.ppt

Lecture19.ppt - Subtracting Dolars From Hedons Note: Total...

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ACT UTILITARIANISM Background: John Stuart Mill 1806-1873 From Philosophy Prodigy To Burnout Formulations Of The Doctrine Mill: “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to promote the reverse of happiness”
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Formulation Of The Doctrine (cont.) Key Point: Emphasis Upon Consequences of Actions Questions About Mill’s Definition: “Tend To Produce Happiness” “Tend To Produce” or “Produce”? Which Things Produced Really Count? What Is Meant By ‘Happiness’? Whose Happiness? Can We Measure Happiness?
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Formulating Utilitarianism (cont.) Introducing A Notion Of Utility
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Unformatted text preview: Subtracting Dolars From Hedons Note: Total Utility Is What Matters So: Moral Acts Can Sometimes Produce Pain (But Overall They Produce Less Pain Than Other Options) Immoral Acts Can Sometimes Produce Pleasure (But Overall They Produce Less Pleasure) Formulating Utilitarianism (cont.) Revised Formulation: An Act Is Right IFF There Is No Other Act The Agent Could Have Performed That Has Higher Utility Virtues: Captures Common Sense Views Of Morality Grounds Morality In Something Objective Trying To Derive An Ought From An Is...
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Lecture19.ppt - Subtracting Dolars From Hedons Note: Total...

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