Lecture21.ppt

Lecture21.ppt - Is Morally Worse : 1) Cost Is Less 2)...

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THE ETHICS OF ASSISTANCE Preliminary Comments Making Philosophy Relevant For Our Lives The Controversial Nature Of Peter Singer Stepping Back And Thinking About Our Own Moral Integrity Do We Have What It Would Take To Do The Right Thing In A Culture That Is Morally Misguided?
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Singer’s Argument: 1. Suffering And Death From Lack Of Food, Shelter And Medical Attention Are Very Bad Things. 2. If We Can Prevent Very Bad Things From Happening, Without Sacrificing Something Of Comparable (Any) Moral Value, Then We Are Morally Required To Do So. 3. Therefore, We Are Morally Required To Prevent Suffering And Death From Lack Of Food, Shelter And Medical Attention Without Sacrificing Something Of Moral Value.
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Motivating The 2 nd Premise Three Cases: The “Shallow Pond”, Unger’s “Vintage Sedan”, And “The Envelope” The Vintage Sedan vs. The Envelope 5 Reasons To Think Behavior In The Envelope Case
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Unformatted text preview: Is Morally Worse : 1) Cost Is Less 2) Number Affected By Inaction Is Greater 3) What Is Lost Is Greater 4) Victims Are Not Responsible For Situation 5) Victims Behavior Is Not Morally Dubious Hard And Disturbing Facts Number Of Humans Dying Preventable Deaths Daily: 25,000 (1,000 Per Hour) Age Group Of Most Deaths: Under 6 Cause Of Most Deaths: Depleted Immune Systems From Chronic Malnourishment UN Target Request For Assistance From Developed Nations: 0.7% of GNP Nations That Meet Target: Denmark, Sweden, The Netherlands, Norway Typical Nation: Japan at 0.27 % Worst Contributor: America at 0.1 %; 0.14 % With Private Contributions Americans Spend: 14 Billion On Foreign Assistance 50 Billion On Entertainment Industry 379 Billion On Military Budget...
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Lecture21.ppt - Is Morally Worse : 1) Cost Is Less 2)...

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