Lecture22.ppt

Lecture22.ppt - Charity Is Mistaken Helping Needy Is...

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Responding To The Cases (Explaining Conflicting Intuitions) Three Possibilities: The Envelope Scenario Is Significantly Different From The Pond/Sedan Scenario Reply: Modify Cases To Show That Adding Or Subtracting Alleged Relevant Feature Makes No Difference Our Normal Intuitions About The Pond/Sedan Case Are Mistaken: It Is Morally OK Not To Help Reply: If We Know Anything About Morality, We Know Not Helping Is Seriously Wrong Our Normal Intuitions About The Envelope Case Are Mistaken: It Is Morally Wrong Not To Give Note: Many Plausible Explanations For This Mistaken Attitude
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Key Features Of 2 nd Premise Irrelevance Of Proximity Distance May Make Us Feel Less Obligated, But It Doesn’t Remove Actual Obligation Appeals To Ignorance And Inability No Longer Plausible Irrelevance Of Others’ Involvement Inactivity May Make Us Feel Less Obligated, But . . . Only Need To Prevent Bad, Not Promote Good
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Radical Consequences Of Singer/Unger Argument Traditional Demarcation Between Duty And
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Unformatted text preview: Charity Is Mistaken Helping Needy Is Morally Obligated Immoral Not To Help Needy! Rethinking Types Of Giving Helping Those In Need vs. Helping Those Really In Need Note: Given Our Actual Situation, Rarely Need To Sacrifice One Form Of Giving For Another Objections To Singers Argument Too Drastic Reply: Progress Sometimes Requires Drastic Revisions Slavery Analogy Congruence With Catholic Tradition Extreme Som Reply: Dubious Assumption All Som Is Bad Arguments Requires Only Preventing Very Bad Things From Happening (Not Making Everyone Equal) Practical Objections: Always Will Be Starvation False Assumption Work For Population Control; Contribute Wisely Return To Drowning Child Case Responsibility of Government Work To Change Government Giving Will Undermine Our Economy Confusing Two Scenarios All Give: Only Small Amount Required Few Give: Little Impact...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course PHIL 10100 taught by Professor David during the Fall '08 term at Notre Dame.

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Lecture22.ppt - Charity Is Mistaken Helping Needy Is...

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