Lecture28.ppt

Lecture28.ppt - Representationalism Use Locke’s Own...

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BERKELEY’S PROJECT Bishop George Berkeley (1685-1753) Eccentric Genius; Early “American” Scholar Background Concern Over Ego-Centric Predicament Defender Of Common Sense Rethinking Primary-Secondary Quality Distinction Critical Question: Why Suppose Any Resemblance Between Ideas And Matter???
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Berkeley’s Idealism The Only Things That Exists Are Minds And Their Ideas!!! Paradox In Berkeley’s Philosophy: Berkeley Viewed Himself As The True Anti-Skeptic; As The Defender Of Common Sense Views; But He Denies Reality Of Matter! Crucial Distinction Between Ordinary Objects On The One Hand, And Mind-Independent Matter, On The Other. The Former Is Fine; The Latter Is What’s Dubious
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What’s The Matter With Matter For Berkeley? Hylas And Philonous: Goal Is To Avoid Skepticism First Stage: Attacking Naive Representationalism Continuum To Pain And Pleasure Variance Arguments Again Second Stage: Attacking Locke’s Limited
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Unformatted text preview: Representationalism Use Locke’s Own Arguments To Show The Primary Qualities Are Also Mind-Dependent Berkeley’s Attack On Matter (cont.) Variance Arguments For Primary Qualities Size Depends Upon Perceiver Different Shapes For The Same Object Degree Of Motion Depends On Psychological Factors The Failure Of Abstraction No Such Thing As Size Or Motion “In General” Berkeley’s Attack On Matter (cont.) Highlighting The Mysterious Nature Of Matter: The Uselessness Of “Substratum” Matter Is Neither Perceivable Nor Conceivable! All Experienced Qualities Are Ideas; Ideas Cannot Exist In A Non-Mental Substance We Cannot Conceive Of Something With No Color Or Shape, Etc. We Cannot Conceive Of Something Unconceived No Basis For Inference To Mind-Independent Matter Interaction Problems...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course PHIL 10100 taught by Professor David during the Fall '08 term at Notre Dame.

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Lecture28.ppt - Representationalism Use Locke’s Own...

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