Unformatted text preview: Chemistry 1A
Chapter 1 What I’d be doing if I
• To prepare for lecture
– Read pdf file for Chapter 2 of An Introduction to
Chemistry (link on the Chemistry 1A webpage)
http://www.preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Book_2_eBook.pdf – Or read Chapters 1 and 2 in the text. What you want in
front of you.
• Chapter 1 of the booklet
• The copies of my PowerPoint
slides. Chemistry The science that deals with
the structure and behavior
of matter Scientific Models
• Scientific models are simplified
but useful representations of
something real. Kinetic Molecular
• All matter is composed of tiny particles.
• The particles are in constant motion.
• Increased temperature means increased
• Solids, liquids and gases differ in the
freedom of motion of their particles and
in how strongly the particles attract each
• Constant shape and volume
• The particles are constantly
moving, colliding with other
particles, and changing their
direction and velocity.
• Each particle is trapped in a small
cage whose walls are formed by
other particles that are strongly
attracted to each other. The Nature of
• Constant volume but variable shape
• The particles are moving fast
enough to break the attractions
between particles that form the
walls of the cage that surround
particles in the solid form.
• Thus each particle in a liquid is
constantly moving from one part of
the liquid to another. Liquids Evaporation Gas
• Variable shape and volume
• Large average distances between
• Little attraction between particles
• Constant collisions between
particles, leading to constant
changes in direction and velocity The Nature of Gases Separation of
Salt Water Elements, Compounds,
• Element: A substance that cannot be
chemically converted into simpler substances;
a substance in which all of the atoms have the
same number of protons and therefore the
same chemical characteristics.
• Compound: A substance that contains two or
more elements, the atoms of these elements
always combining in the same whole-number
• Mixture: A sample of matter that contains two
or more pure substances (elements and
compounds) and has variable composition. Distillation Classification of Matter 114+ Known Elements
• 83 are stable and found in
– Many of these a very rare. • 7 are found in nature but are
• 24+ are not natural on the earth.
– 2 or 3 of these might be found in
stars. Elements and Compounds Exhaust – a Mixture Scientific Method ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 03/03/2012 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Mark during the Fall '06 term at Monterey Peninsula College.
- Fall '06