1A12PPT - Chemistry 1A Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Organic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chemistry 1A Chapter 12
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Organic Chemistry Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon-based compounds. • There are two reasons why there are millions of organic chemicals. – Carbon atoms can form strong bonds to other carbon atoms and still form bonds to atoms of other elements. – There are many different ways to arrange the same atoms in carbon- based compounds.
Background image of page 2
Ways to Describe Organic Compounds • Lewis structures • Condensed Formulas CH 3 CH(CH 3 )CH 3 • Line Drawings
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alkanes - Hydrocarbons (compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen) in which all of the carbon-carbon bonds are single bonds 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, CH 3 C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 CH(CH 3 )CH 3
Background image of page 4
Pre-ignition Knock and Octane Rating
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Steps to Octane Rating Measure efficiency and degree of vibration for a test engine running on various percentages of heptane (a straight-chain hydrocarbon) and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (a branched-chain hydrocarbon). Run the same test engine with the gasoline to be tested, and measure its efficiency and degree of vibration. Assign an octane rating to the gasoline based on comparison of the efficiency and degree of vibration of the test engine with the gasoline and the various percentages of 2,2,4- trimethylpentane (octane or isooctane) and heptane. For example, if the gasoline runs the test engine as efficiently as 91% 2,2,4- trimethylpentane (octane or isooctane) and 9% heptane, it gets an octane rating of 91.
Background image of page 6
Alkenes - Hydrocarbons that have one or more carbon- carbon double bonds 2-methylpropene (isobutene), CH 2 C(CH 3 )CH 3
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alkynes - Hydrocarbons that have one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds Ethyne (acetylene), HCCH
Background image of page 8
Benzene http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Jmol_hydrocarbons.htm
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Arenes (or Aromatics) - Compounds that contain the benzene ring
Background image of page 10
Alcohols - compounds with one or more -OH groups attached to a hydrocarbon group Glycerol, HOCH 2 CH(OH)CH 2 OH http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Jmol_alcohols_17.htm
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Carboxylic Acids Stearic acid, CH 3 (CH 2 ) 16 CO 2 H http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Jmol_carboxylic_acids.htm
Background image of page 12
Ethers - two hydrocarbon groups surrounding an oxygen atom Diethyl ether, CH 3 CH 2 OCH 2 CH 3 http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Jmol_ethers.htm
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Aldehyde 2-methylbutanal, CH 3 CH(CH 3 )CH 2 CHO http://preparatorychemistry.com/Bishop_Jmol_aldehydes.htm
Background image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 93

1A12PPT - Chemistry 1A Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Organic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 15. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online