Bishop_Study_Guide_2-1

Bishop_Study_Guide_2-1 - 9 Chapter 2 The Structure of...

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9 Chapter 2 The Structure of Matter and the Chemical Elements Review Skills 2.1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases Solids Liquids Gases Internet: The Structure of Matter 2.2 The Chemical Elements Internet: Element Names and Symbols 2.3 The Periodic Table of the Elements 2.4 The Structure of the Elements The Atom The Nucleus The Electron Ions Isotopes Atomic Number and Mass Number Special Topic 2.1: Why Create New Elements? Internet: Isotope Notation 2.5 Common Elements Gas, Liquid, and Solid Elements Internet: Element Properties Metallic Elements Chapter Glossary Internet: Glossary Quiz Chapter Objectives Review Questions Key Ideas Chapter Problems
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10 Study Guide for An Introduction to Chemistry Section Goals and Introductions Section 2.1 Liquids, Solids, and Gases Goals To describe a model that allows you to visualize the particle nature of matter. To describe the similarities and differences among solids, liquids, and gases in terms of this model. This is a very important section because it presents a model that you will use throughout your chemistry education and beyond to visualize matter at the submicroscopic level. Be sure you take the time and try to actually visualize the interactions among particles and visualize the movement of these particles. It will be time well spent. The animation found in Chapter 2 of our Web site will help you develop your ability to visualize the particle nature of matter. Internet: The Structure of Matter Section 2.2 The Chemical Elements Goal: To describe the chemical elements, which are the building blocks of matter. This section introduces the chemical elements. It is best to memorize all of the element names and symbols for the elements found in Table 2.1. Many instructors will consider this excessive, but I think it really pays off in saved time later. Be sure to ask your instructor which names and symbols you are expected to learn for exams. The tutorial in Chapter 2 of our Web site will help you practice converting between names and symbols of elements. Internet: Element Names and Symbols Section 2.3 The Periodic Table of the Elements Goal: To describe the periodic table of the elements and show you how you can use it. The periodic table shown in this section is one of the most important tools of the chemist. It organizes the chemical elements in a way that allows you to quickly obtain a lot of information about them. Be sure that when you are done studying this section, you know (1) how the columns and rows on the periodic table are numbered; (2) how to classify an element as a metal, nonmetal, or metalloid; (3) how to classify an element as a representative (or main-group) element, transition metal, or inner transition metal; (4) how to identify the number for the period in which an element is found; and (5) how to identify an element as a gas, liquid, or solid at room temperature. You should also be able to identify the elements that are alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, and noble gases. Section 2.4
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2012 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Mark during the Fall '06 term at Monterey Peninsula College.

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Bishop_Study_Guide_2-1 - 9 Chapter 2 The Structure of...

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