Bishop_Study_Guide_3 - 19 Chapter 3 Chemical Compounds...

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19 Chapter 3 Chemical Compounds Review Skills 3.1 Classification of Matter 3.2 Compounds and Chemical Bonds Equal and Unequal Sharing of Electrons Transfer of Electrons Summary of Covalent and Ionic Bond Formation Predicting Bond Type Classifying Compounds 3.3 Molecular Compounds Molecular Shape Liquid Water Special Topic 3.1: Molecular Shapes, Intoxicating Liquids, and the Brain Internet: The Structure of Water 3.4 Naming Binary Covalent Compounds Memorized Names Systematic Names Converting Names of Binary Covalent Compounds to Formulas Internet: Binary Covalent Nomenclature 3.5 Ionic Compounds Cations and Anions Predicting Ion Charges Naming Monatomic Anions and Cations Internet: Cation Nomenclature Internet: Anion Nomenclature Structure of Ionic Compounds Polyatomic Ions Internet: Oxyanions Converting Formulas to Names Converting Names of Ionic Compounds to Formulas Internet: Ionic Nomenclature Chapter Glossary Internet: Glossary Quiz Chapter Objectives Review Questions Key Ideas Chapter Problems
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20 Study Guide for An Introduction to Chemistry Section Goals and Introductions The Review Skills section for this chapter is very important. Because students are so busy, it’s always a battle to keep up, but if you don’t keep up in chemistry, you’re in real trouble. For this reason, the Review Skills section at the beginning of each chapter tells you what you really need to know (or be able to do) from earlier chapters to understand the chapter you are about to read. They are very important; don’t just skip over them. Section 3.1 Classification of Matter Goal: To show how forms of matter can be classified as elements, compounds, and mixtures. This section begins the process of teaching you how to classify matter into the categories of element, compound, and mixture. The distinctions among these categories will become increasingly clear as you study this chapter and Chapter 4. This section also describes how compounds are represented by chemical formulas. Section 3.2 Compounds and Chemical Bonds Goals To show how atoms of different elements form links (chemical bonds) between them and to introduce three types of chemical bonding: nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, and ionic. To show how you can predict whether a pair of atoms will form a covalent bond or an ionic bond. To show how you can predict whether a chemical formula for a compound represents an ionic compound or a molecular compound. We can now take what you have learned about elements in Chapter 2 and expand on it to explain the formation of chemical bonds and chemical compounds. Be sure that you understand the similarities and differences among nonpolar covalent bonds, covalent bonds, and ionic bonds. The most important skills to develop from studying this section are (1) the ability to predict whether atoms of two elements would be expected to form an ionic bond or a covalent bond and (2) the ability to predict whether a chemical formula for a compound
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2012 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Mark during the Fall '06 term at Monterey Peninsula College.

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Bishop_Study_Guide_3 - 19 Chapter 3 Chemical Compounds...

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