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Unformatted text preview: 49 Chapter 5 Acids, Bases, and Acid-Base Reactions Review Skills 5.1 Acids Arrhenius Acids Types of Arrhenius Acids Strong and Weak Acids Special Topic 5.1: Acid Rain Internet: Acid Animation 5.2 Acid Nomenclature Names and Formulas of Binary Acids Names and Formulas of Oxyacids 5.3 Summary of Chemical Nomenclature Internet: Types of Substances Internet: Chemical Nomenclature 5.4 Strong and Weak Arrhenius Bases Special Topic 5.2: Chemicals and Your Sense of Taste Internet: Strong and Weak Bases Internet: Identification of Strong and Weak Acids and Bases 5.5 pH and Acidic and Basic Solutions 5.6 Arrhenius Acid-Base Reactions Reactions of Aqueous Strong Arrhenius Acids and Aqueous Strong Arrhenius Bases Writing Equations for Reactions Between Acids and Bases Special Topic 5.3: Precipitation, Acid-Base Reactions, and Tooth Decay Reactions of Arrhenius Acids and Ionic Compounds That Contain Carbonate or Hydrogen Carbonate Special Topic 5.4: Saving Valuable Books Special Topic 5.5: Be Careful with Bleach Internet: Acid-Base Reaction Animation 5.7 Brnsted-Lowry Acids and Bases Chapter Glossary Internet: Glossary Quiz Chapter Objectives Review Questions Key Ideas Chapter Problems 50 Study Guide for An Introduction to Chemistry Section Goals and Introductions Section 5.1 Acids Goals To describe acids To make the distinction between strong and weak acids. To show the changes that take place on the particle level when acids dissolve in water. To show how you can recognize strong and weak acids. This section introduces one way to define acids, called the Arrhenius definition. The most important skills to develop in this section are (1) to be able to recognize acids from names or formulas and (2) to be able to describe the changes that take place at the particle level when strong and weak acids dissolve in water. Be sure to give special attention to Figures 5.1, 5.5, and 5.6. Visit our Web site to view an animation that illustrates the differences between strong and weak acids: Internet: Acid Animation Section 5.2 Acid Nomenclature Goal: To describe how to convert between names and chemical formulas for acids. This section adds acids to the list of compounds for which you should be able to convert between names and formulas. Section 5.3 Summary of Chemical Nomenclature Goal: To review the process for converting between names and formulas for binary covalent compounds, binary ionic compounds, ionic compounds with polyatomic ions, binary acids, and oxyacids. Although chemical nomenclature may not be your favorite topic, it is an important one. The ability to convert among names and formulas for chemical compounds is crucial to communication between chemists and chemistry students. This section collects the nomenclature guidelines from Chapters 3 and 5 and gives you a chance to review them. Table 5.6 provides your most concise summary of these guidelines. Our Web site provides tutorials that allow you to practice identifying types of substances and converting between names and...
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