Psych Exam1 STUDY GUIDE

Psych Exam1 STUDY GUIDE - Introduction Chapter 1 What is...

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Introduction – Chapter 1 What is Psychology? The study of behavior and mind. Why do people act, think and feel the way that they do? Nature vs. Nurture – Are people shaped by innate/inherited tendencies (intelligence, personality) or by their experience and environment (educational experiences)? Conclusion: BOTH MATTER Wundt- STRUCTURALISM – analyze elements of sensations and feelings (ex. Taste is sweet, salty, bitter and sour) James – FUNCTIONALISM – functions of behavior and consciousness. What is the purpose of memory? Mental processes Watson and Skinner– BEHAVIORISM – did not like introspection, too subjective. Concentrated only on observable behaviors. Freud – PSYCHOANALYSIS – unconscious mind, childhood shaping adult life, physical problems have psychological causes Rogers – HUMANISM – emphasizes human potential for self-awareness, choice, responsibility and growth. Client centered approaches to therapy Scientific Methods – Chapter 2 Hypothesis – Design Study – Collect Data – Analyze Data – Drawn Conclusions
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Hyland during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

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Psych Exam1 STUDY GUIDE - Introduction Chapter 1 What is...

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