4 - CHI 221, Fall 2011 The era of division (9/13) 1. Which...

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CHI 221, Fall 2011 The era of division (9/13)
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1. Which novel, according to Ropp, is considered the second most important book, after the Analects of Confucius, for an understanding of Chinese Culture? 1) Journey to the West (the Monkey King) 2) Dream of the Red Chamber (the Story of the Stone) 3) Romance of the Three Kingdoms 4) Water Margin (All Men Are Brothers) 2
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6. The three kingdoms period (220 – 265) Part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties following immediately the loss of power of the Han Dynasty emperors. Wèi ( ) = Cáo Wèi Shǔ ( ) = Shǔ Hàn Wú ( ) = Dōng Wú or Eastern Wu Each state was headed not by a king, but by an emperor who claimed legitimate succession from the Han Dynasty. 3
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This historical period has been greatly romanticized in the cultures of China, Japan, Korea & Vietnam. It has been celebrated and popularized in operas, folk stories, novels and in more recent times, films, television serials, and video games. 4
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Romance of the Three Kingdoms (One of the 4 great classical novels of Chinese literature). - the 1 st complete historical novel in China - 14 th century, by Luo, Guanzhong - Based on the military and political rivalry among the 3 kingdoms of Wei, Shu, & Wu Main characters: Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei, & Zhuge, Liang The Oath of the Peach Garden 桃园三结义 (a symbol of fraternal loyalty) 5
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Liu Bei 刘备 the founding emperor of Shu Han 蜀汉 a benevolent and humane ruler - the Confucian set of moral values Guan Yu 关羽 : Emperor Guan/ Lord Guan (Guan Gong 关公 ) loyalty, filial piety, righteousness, & bravery - 116 Lord Guan’s temples in the Qing Dynasty in Beijing (1/10) - a guardian deity: Taoism - a bodhisattva: Buddhism 6
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Zhang Fei 张飞 : a masterful general, loyalty, & filial Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮 - “the Hidden Dragon” - Straw boat borrows arrows 草船借箭 - a byword for inexhaustible resourcefulness Proverbs: Wives and children are as clothing, but brothers are as limbs. Three inept tailors (are enough to) overcome one Zhuge Liang.
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4 - CHI 221, Fall 2011 The era of division (9/13) 1. Which...

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