7 - CHI 221, Fall 2011 Early modern China (9/22) In Chinese...

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CHI 221, Fall 2011 Early modern China (9/22)
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In Chinese painting, which of the following means ownership? 1) seals/chops 2) calligraphy 3) use of the black and white colors 2
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1. The founder of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, was born into a ________ family. 1) scholar-official 2) peasant 3) artisan 4) merchant 3
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2. The author says: “If Shakespeare had been Chinese, his greatest tragedy would have been the life of Zhu Yuanzhang.” (p. 86) What does he mean? 4
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16. Ming (1368 – 1644): Chinese control reestablished, the last of the outstanding dynasties ; overseas voyages • maturation of authoritarian bureaucratized monarchy • further development of Neo-Confucianism (individualism) • development of extended vernacular prose fiction (the “novel”), blue and write porcelain, and further development of poetic & painting traditions 5
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Yongle emperor ( Chengzu, 1402 -1424) •Moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing •Rebuilt the Grand Canal •Imperial Palace (the Forbidden City) 6
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Yongle emperor ( Chengzu, 1402 -1424) Yongle Encyclopedia 永乐大典 - 2000 - 8000 - agriculture, art, astronomy, drama, geology, history, literature, medicine, natural sciences, religion, technology, and descriptions of unusual natural events 7 scholars texts
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Yongle emperor (Chengzu, 1402 -1424) •"extermination of the ten agnates" ( 誅十族 ) •Overseas voyages 8
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3 . The main purpose of the overseas voyages during the Ming dynasty was to 1) make more money 2) exchange ideas 3)demonstrate the power and majesty of the Ming court 4) defend the territory 9
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10 Zheng He ( 郑和 , 1371–1433 ) 24 point compass
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11 Tilework's Model of Sancai Pagoda Suzhou Temple Garden Throne back cover Chair seat cover seal
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• ca. 1400: early versions of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms & the Water Margin • 1570 – 1600: 1 st publications of Journeyto the West & Jin Ping Mei • 1582 – 1610: Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci lived in China, eventually residing in Beijing (1600 – 1610) with imperial sponsorship 12
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4. The Great Wall stretches approximately 8,851.8 kilometers (5,500 miles) from east to west in North China. What was the purpose of building the Great Wall?
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course CS 135 taught by Professor Gewali during the Spring '08 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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7 - CHI 221, Fall 2011 Early modern China (9/22) In Chinese...

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