Lec16 Picture Theory of Meaning notes

Lec16 Picture Theory of Meaning notes - Philosophy 306...

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Philosophy 306 Lecture 16 Wittgenstein: The picture theory of meaning A. The Picture theory of meaning (pp. 10-11): 1. Sentences from the Tractatus: a. We picture facts to ourselves (2.1) b. A picture represents a situation in logical space, the existence and non- existence of states of affairs (2.11). c. A picture is a model of reality (2.12). d. In a picture objects have the elements of the picture corresponding to them (2.13). e. What constitutes a picture is that the elements are related to one another in a determinate way (2.14). f. A picture is a fact. g. Pictorial form is the possibility that things are related to one another in the same way as the elements in a picture (2.151). h. What a picture must have in common with reality, in order to be able to depict it–correctly or incorrectly–in the way it does, is its pictorial form (2.17). i. A picture can depict any reality whose form it has (2.171). j. A picture cannot, however, depict it pictorial form: it display s it (2.172). k. Every picture is at the same time a logical one (2.182). l. A picture contains the possibility of the situation that it represents (2.203). m. A picture agrees with reality or fails to agree; it is correct or incorrect, true or false (2.21). 2. According to the Picture theory of meaning, pictures have sense. They have such a sense in virtue of their structure. Hence a picture of a cup on a saucer displays the same form as the fact that the cup is on the saucer. In this case, the spatial form of the picture is isomorphic with the spatial form of the cup’s actually being
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Lec16 Picture Theory of Meaning notes - Philosophy 306...

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