AfghanistanCountryReport

- The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave NW Washington DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email [email protected] The Islamic Republic of

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The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email: [email protected] The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Country Report Politics: The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has politically been in a state of constant flux since 1973, and the overthrow of the traditional monarchy. Following the 2001 invasion by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) led by NATO, the radical Islamist government of the Taliban was replaced with a republican style government, with three branches of government (executive, legislative, judicial). The current President of Afghanistan is Hamid Karzai, who was chosen in the 2001 Bonn Conference to lead the post-Taliban country, was re-elected in 2004 and 2009. The Afghan parliament, also known as the National Assembly, was elected in 2005, and 2010, and is divided into the upper House of Elders (Pashto: Mesherano Jirga ) and the lower House of the People (Pashto: Wolesi Jirga ). Both are made up if various political parties, ranging from Islamic to social democratic. 12 Afghanistan continues to suffer from the effects of a civil war since 1978 and the subsequent NATO military intervention. The Afghan government currently has several major 1 List of Afghan political parties from 2005: http://www.afghan-web.com/politics/parties.html 2 CIA World Factbook “Afghanistan” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/af.html
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issues. The Taliban continues to mount a major insurgency within Afghanistan, which has struck across the country, all in spite of sufficient NATO involvement in the country. Currently, Afghanistan is occupied by 130, 670 ISAF forces. 3 However, the US and other NATO states have implemented timetables to withdraw from Afghanistan by 2014. Similarly, the opium trade continues to be one of the largest sources of income in Afghanistan, with Afghanistan growing more opium than any other country on Earth. 4 Corruption remains a serious issue in Afghanistan, including serious accusations and protests following the presidential election in 2009, which led to the postponing of the parliamentary elections by several months. 5
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2012 for the course IAFF 3186 taught by Professor Johnschmidt during the Spring '12 term at GWU.

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- The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave NW Washington DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email [email protected] The Islamic Republic of

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