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Country Report Azerbaijan

Country Report Azerbaijan - The Eurasia Center 4927...

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The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email: [email protected] The Republic of Azerbaijan Country Report Politics: The Republic of Azerbaijan regained its independence following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The country had a turbulent beginning, as it was involved in the Nagorno- Karabakh War, which lasted from 1988-1994, and saw the Armenian-majority region of Nagorno-Karabakh declare de facto independence and several bordering provinces occupied by Armenia. The situation remains incredibly tense, and currently under observation from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group. 1 Azerbaijan is nominally a presidential republic, with a president as head of state, and a prime minister as head of government in nominally independent legislative and judicial bodies. However, the current president of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, is the son of the previous president, Heydar Aliyev. This has caused many watchdog groups to fear the rise of a hereditary presidency. 2 Aliyev was elected formally in 2003, and again in 2010. Amendments to the Azerbaijani constitution in 2008 abolished presidential term limits. Azerbaijan has a unicameral 1 http://www.osce.org/mg 2 Guliyev, Farid (2005) “Post-Soviet Azerbaijan: Transition to Sultanistic Semiauthoritariansim? An Attempt at Conceptualization”. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization 13 (3):393- 435 http://www.demokratizatsiya.org/bin/pdf/DEM%2013-3%20Guliyev.pdf
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legislative body, the National Assembly (Azeri: Milli M clis ə ). There is only one major party in Azerbaijan, the New Azerbaijan Party, with other opposition parties lacking any real power. Azerbaijan has several major political issues that it must overcome to encourage internal
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Country Report Azerbaijan - The Eurasia Center 4927...

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