Country Report Iran

Country Report Iran - The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave NW Washington DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email [email protected] The

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The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email: [email protected] The Islamic Republic of Iran Country Report Politics: The Islamic Republic of Iran was founded following the Iranian Revolution of 1979, which saw the end of the 2,500 year old tradition of Iranian monarchy and established the clerically-dominated Islamic Republic. 1 The events following the Revolution and the subsequent decades have turned Iran into a regional and global pariah. Following the 2009 elections, massive riots and their subsequent suppression have caused many to see the instability in Iranian society and the possibility that the government’s livelihood could be severely threatened. 2 The Islamic Republic is unique in its style of government. While it is officially designated a “theocratic republic” 3 the Islamic Republic is actually dominated by the Shi’a clergy. The head of state is the Supreme Leader, a position currently filled by Ali Hoseni- Khamenei. The Supreme Leader’s power is absolute, with supreme control over the executive, legislative, and judicial elements of the Iranian government. 4 The Supreme Leader is elected by 1 Lowell Barrington, Michael J. Bosia, Kathleen Bruhn, "Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices", Cengage Learning, 2009. 2 CIA World Factbook “Iran” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html 3 CIA World Factbook “Iran” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html 4 “Iranian Constitution” http://www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/ir00000_.html
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the Assembly of Experts ( Majles-Khebregan ) a collection of clerics who are tasked to choose the Supreme Leader and may remove him if he doesn’t perform his duties correctly. Underneath the Supreme Leader and the other clerical aspects of the Iranian government are the typically republican executive, legislative, and judicial bodies. Iran’s current president is Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a conservative elected in 2005, and re-elected in the controversial 2009 presidential elections. Iran’s parliament ( Majils-e Shura ) is controlled by the conservative elements of Iranian politics, but the parliament is required to offer at least one seat to the various
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2012 for the course IAFF 3186 taught by Professor Johnschmidt during the Spring '12 term at GWU.

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Country Report Iran - The Eurasia Center 4927 Massachusetts Ave NW Washington DC 20009 www.eurasiacenter.org Email [email protected] The

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