Lecture4 - Science CSCI 328 Fall 2011 Session 4 Handout...

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1 Ethical Issues in Computer  Science   CSCI 328, Fall 2011 Session 4 Handout Ethical Theories
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2 Utilitarianism Utilitarians focus on the consequences of actions. They seek actions, rules or policies that bring about good consequences. Basic Rule : (What is it?)
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3 Intrinsic vs. Instrumental Value Some things have instrumental value: They are valued because they lead to something else that is valued for its own sake. Example: Money Other examples? Some things have intrinsic value: They are valuable in themselves. Example: Knowledge Other examples?
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4 Happiness has Intrinsic Value 1. Utilitarians focus on maximizing happiness, because happiness has intrinsic value. 2. Some utilitarians argue that everything else is desired as a means to happiness. Example: Why major in CS? 3. Therefore, each person should choose actions that bring about the most happiness.
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5 Utilitarianism vs. Egoism Utilitarianism: Want to bring about the most happiness for everyone. Each person's happiness counts for the same as everyone
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Lecture4 - Science CSCI 328 Fall 2011 Session 4 Handout...

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