Lecture5 - EthicalIssuesinComputer Science CSCI 328, Fall...

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1 Ethical Issues in Computer  Science   CSCI 328, Fall 2011 Session 5 Analogical Reasoning
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2 Rights and Duties Rights are often related to deontological theories. Each individual has a right to be treated as an end. Negative rights: Require restraint by others. Example? Positive rights: Others have a duty to do something to or for the right holder. Example? These are more controversial than negative rights.
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3 Deriving Rights Can we derive rights from other theories? Utilitarians argue for proprietary rights to software. Why? Legal rights: Created by laws. Name some legal rights. Moral and Natural (Human) rights: Independent of laws. Name some moral rights.
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Social Contract Theory The social contract (between individuals or between individuals and government) is hypothesized to explain and justify the obligations that humans have to one another. Rational humans agree (form a contract) to join forces with others and give up some of their natural freedom in exchange for the benefits of cooperation. (To avoid living in a state of insecurity or uncertainty).
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Lecture5 - EthicalIssuesinComputer Science CSCI 328, Fall...

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