alkanes - page 1 of 4 Systematic Nomenclature (IUPAC System)

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page 1 of 4 Systematic Nomenclature (IUPAC System) Prefix-Parent-Suffix Parent- number of carbons Prefix- substituents Suffix- functional groups Naming Alkanes General Formula: C n H (2n+2) suffix: -ane Parent Names: 1. CH 4 Meth ane CH 4 2. CH 3 CH 3 Eth ane C 2 H 6 3. CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 Prop ane C 3 H 8 4. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 2 CH 3 But ane C 4 H 10 5. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH 3 Pent ane C 5 H 12 6. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CH 3 Hex ane C 6 H 14 7. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 5 CH 3 Hept ane C 7 H 16 8. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 6 CH 3 Oct ane C 8 H 18 9. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH 3 Non ane C 9 H 20 10. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8 CH 3 Dec ane C 10 H 22 Alkyl Substituents R= Rest of the molecule 1. CH 3 -R Meth yl 2. CH 3 CH 2 -R Eth yl 3. CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 -R Prop yl 4. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 2 CH 2 -R But yl 5. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH 2 -R Pent yl 6. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CH 2 -R Hex yl 7. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 5 CH 2 -R Hept yl 8. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 6 CH 2 -R Oct yl 9. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH 2 -R Non yl 10. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8 CH 2 -R Dec yl
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page 2 of 4 Rules for Systematic Nomenclature of Alkanes 1. Find the parent chain
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2012 for the course CHEM 220A taught by Professor Sulikowski during the Fall '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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alkanes - page 1 of 4 Systematic Nomenclature (IUPAC System)

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