Final Exam U.S. History.docx - Saejang 1 Teptaikorn Saejang...

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Saejang 1Teptaikorn SaejangDr. WoodU.S. History15 May 2020Discuss the evolution of United States foreign policy from the 1920s to the present. Howhas the U.S. understood and utilized its great power status in these four distinct historicperiods: 1) 1919-1941, 2) from Pearl Harbor through the end of World War II, 3) duringthe Cold War, and 4) after 2001. How should the U.S. understand and utilize itssuperpower status going forward into the 2020s and beyond?IntroductionThe current United States foreign policy is a product of a series of events that haveshaped the different aspects of policy creation. While maintaining its interests, America, as aworld leader, has primarily focused on global actions based on humanity and democracy. Thehistory of foreign policies and the involvement of America in global affairs bring into light thelessons learned and the basis of the decisions made in the present. Historical discussion andevaluation of consequences of each decision and policy is an eye-opener to how events andglobal politics significantly shapes the current foreign policies, national agreements, andrelations among states.1. 1920-1941-IsolationismThe concept of Isolationism was born from a series of events beginning in 1917 whenpresident Wilson sought permission from congress to intrude in the war as a neutral party to help
Saejang 2promote democracy in the world. However, with the turn of events, including loss of lives duringthe war, most Americans were thinking about keeping off intrusions in global affairs. In the year1920, the U.S. foreign policy changed to what is known as Isolation with emphasis on buildingthe national economy, regulating trade, and limiting immigration. Even though America had firstproposed the League of Nations that set terms to help end the war, she did not become itsmember. However, the Harding administration still worked on global peace through theWashington Conference of 1921. During this period, Secretary of State, Evans Hughes, invitedabout nine former central powers in Washington to discuss the disarmament and toning down thewar in East Asia (Brinkley,687). America was trying to put its major naval arm race competitors,Japan and Britain, at bay and help guarantee peace globally. America believed that it wasindependent politically and economically, and therefore while not active into global affairs, itwas still concerned with its freedom against allies and any strings attached. While protectingitself from alliances that would force its involvement in War, America brought in the Kelloggpeace pact of 1928 that outlawed war on countries. However, this pact has always been

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