The funerary inscription of Ramses III of Egypt This passage is part of a long text that Pharaol Ramses III had inscribed on a gigantic temple that he built at Medinet Habu so that he could be worshipped after his death. The battles it edscribes probably took place in 1176 BCE. The passages in square brackets are explanatory notes Year 8 under the majesty of Ramses III … The foreign countries made a conspiracy in their islands [the Cyclades?]. All at once the lands were removed and scattered in the fray. No land could stand before their arms, from Hatti kingdom of the Hittites [in central Anatolia], Kodê [Cilicia in southern Anatolia], Carchemish [on the Euphrates River], Arzawa [probably in southern Anatolia], and Alashiya [Cyprus], being cut off at one time. A camp was set up in one place in Amor [probably in Syria]. They desolated its people, and its land was like that which has never come into being. They were coming forward toward Egypt, while the flame was prepared before them. Their confederation
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course IHUM 69 taught by Professor Morris during the Winter '10 term at Stanford.