Hum Hist I 11 ho 7

Hum Hist I 11 ho 7 - Human History Week 5 lecture 1...

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Human History Week 5, lecture 1 Convergence an collapse 1/31/11 Godlike rulers Earliest centralized authority apparently based on religious power Since end of ice age, biggest investments of energy and wealth are religious By 3000 BCE, gigantic temples in Fertile Crescent, like Eridu and Tell Uqair, both in Sumer (in what is now southern Iraq) Typically, great monuments appear about 4,000 years after domestication Great monuments are always religious; nearly always seem to be linked with kings Possibly earliest authority figures based claims to power on ability to communicate with supernatural sphere Circular logic: kings need monuments to be sure the gods hear and favor them; existence of monuments proves that the gods must be hearing and favoring the kings Kings’ divine authority often also linked to control over violence: visible as early as Narmer and Scorpion King (c. 3100 BCE) in Egypt; logic explained much later by biographers of Alexander the Great of Macedon (326 BCE) Divine authority apparently lowers the costs of cooperation
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Hum Hist I 11 ho 7 - Human History Week 5 lecture 1...

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