Hum Hist I 11 ho 9

Hum Hist I 11 ho 9 - Human History Week 6, lecture 1...

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Human History Week 6, lecture 1 Eurasia’s Axial age 2/9/11 The retreat of godlike kingship Retreat of godlike kingship in 1st millennium BCE creates sense of intellectual/moral crisis How are humans to access a transcendent, superior realm without divine rulers to intercede? The Axial Age New ideas appear all across complex societies of Eurasia Bundled together in 1940s CE by Karl Jaspers under title “Axial Age”: 1st millennium BCE is, for Jaspers, the axis around which world history turned. Says “Man, as we know him today, came into being” New ideas become “the Classics” everywhere from China and India through Israel and Europe: timeless masterpieces giving meaning to life for 2,500 years New ideas come from margins—socially (from lower rungs of elite) and geographically (from small states) E.g., Hebrew Prophets in Israel, on fringes Assyrian Empire, early 1st millennium BCE Prophets promote vision of covenant between God and entire Jewish people Or Greece, on fringes Persian Empire, mid-1st millennium BCE
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Hum Hist I 11 ho 9 - Human History Week 6, lecture 1...

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