Hum Hist I 11 ho 10

Hum Hist I 11 ho 10 - Human History Week 6 lecture 2...

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Human History Week 6, lecture 2 Eurasian societies 2/9/11 Just how different were the Eurasian societies of the 1st millennium BCE from those of earlier times? The family Very steep gender and age hierarchies But much of the hierarchy is common to all agrarian societies Driven by demography: need for the average woman to bear 4.5-6.0 live children just in order to maintain a stable population size The requirements of reproduction drive gender ideologies Men associated with outdoor work, women with the home; men with strength, women with weakness Some similar ideas already exist in hunter-gatherer societies, but become stronger and stronger in agrarian societies Patriarchy is a central principle in peasant societies Labor Gender is one of the main principles of the division of labor in peasant societies But generating wealth depends on mobilizing labor beyond the family level Free labor working for wages sometimes solves the problem, but many farming systems
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