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Hum Hist I 11 ho 12

Hum Hist I 11 ho 12 - Human History Week 7 lecture 2 Beyond...

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Human History Week 7, lecture 2 Beyond Eurasia 2/16/11 Expansion of Eurasian complex societies constantly changes societies around them (e.g., Tacitus’ account of the Germans, c. 100 CE, in Strayer, pp. 69-71 But some other regions develop own complex societies, after delays at end of ice age The Americas Separated from Eurasia by Atlantic and Pacific Oceans Cultivation begins in Mesoamerica and Andes around 6500 BCE; domestication by 4500 Different crops and animals from Eurasia: maize, quinoa, peanuts, squash; llamas, alpacas Agricultural villages with irrigation in Oaxaca by 2000 BCE Complex Olmec societies by 1200 BCE: major sites at San Lorenzo, La Venta Monumental basalt heads suggest godlike kings Complex societies develop further across 1st millennia BCE and CE But don’t come close to matching scale and complexity of Eurasian empires like Roman, Mauryan, or Han until time of Inca Empire, c. 1400 CE As in Eurasia, states generally grow in size and complexity, punctuated by collapses
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