Hum Hist I 11 ho 15

Hum Hist I 11 ho 15 - Human History Week 9, lecture 2...

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Human History Week 9, lecture 2 Triumph of steppes 3/3/11 Cyclical history Why was there little directional change between roughly 100 and 1400 CE One factor: persistent relationships between agrarian empires and steppe nomads In early-mid 1st millennium CE then again in early-mid 2nd millennium, expansion of empires and rising social development links Eurasian Lucky Latitudes and sets off steppe migrations New invasions start in 11th century, with Turkic migrations Seljuk Turks overrun much of Muslim world in West Turkic Khitans sack Kaifeng in 1127 Genghis Khan (1162-1227) After Temujin is elected Chingghis Khan “Fearless Leader” (normally transliterated Genghis Khan) in 1206, Mongols dominate steppes In some ways, Genghis Khan is much like earlier steppe nomad rulers; in others—like learning new military techniques from the agrarian empires—he’s very different Already by 1127 Jurchens had learned about Chinese siegecraft In 13th century Mongols learn much more, including first proper guns
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Hum Hist I 11 ho 15 - Human History Week 9, lecture 2...

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