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Hum Hist I 2011 ho 8

Hum Hist I 2011 ho 8 - Human History Week 5 lecture 2...

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Human History Week 5, lecture 2 Eurasia’s agrarian empires 2/2/11 Complexity in the Lucky Latitudes in the 1st millennium BCE Population grows faster after 1000 BCE; states become much bigger, capture more energy; boom in trade and industry Much bigger cities: by 1 BCE, Rome has 1 million people, Chang’an has 500,000; soon after, Teotihuacan has 200,000 Importance of war and trade in expanding agrarian system Internal transformation: shift from godlike toward more bureaucratic rulers Gradual, uneven process: fastest in Mediterranean basin New kinds of rulers needed to raise and sustain much larger armies Pre-1000 BCE states were usually “low-end,” with aristocrats providing troops for godlike rulers and sharing in the plunder After about 750 BCE (western Eurasia) and 500 BCE (eastern Eurasia), states move toward “high-end” model: kings centralize power, pay troops from own resources For this, need much more revenue, regular taxes, and much bigger bureaucracies Kings make trade-offs with subjects: give up many of their older claims of divinity in
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