Hum Hist 2 ho 1

Hum Hist 2 ho 1 - Human History Week 1 lecture 2 Opening...

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Human History Week 1, lecture 2 Opening the oceans 3/30/11 Cycles of agrarian empires seem to continue after 14th-century Black Death Rise of Ming dynasty in China, Sultanate of Delhi in India, Ottoman Turkish empire in western Eurasia; Tamerlane leads new Mongol invasions, sacking Delhi 1398, Damascus 1400, Baghdad 1401, defeating Turks 1402 Opening the Indian Ocean However, this picture ignores one key variable: the process of expansion feeds back on human society, transforming cultural evolution After 1000 CE, as the Indian Ocean becomes the core of Eurasian interconnection, ships become increasingly sophisticated: genuinely intercontinental ships are being built By 1400, Ming China building history’s biggest wooden ships, up to 250’ long, displacing 2,000+ tons of water In 1405, Ming Emperor Hongwu sends Zheng He at head of 300+ ships to establish relations and extract tribute from princes of Indian Ocean (like the qilin [giraffe]) 6 more voyages follow by 1433 Ships had seaworthiness to cross Pacific, if they’d wanted; in 2009 small replica called
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course IHUM 69B taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '11 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist 2 ho 1 - Human History Week 1 lecture 2 Opening...

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