Hum Hist 2 ho 5

Hum Hist 2 ho 5 - Human History II Week 3, lecture 2 The...

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Human History II The Third Wave of Axial Thought 4/13/11 Week 3, lecture 2 Great changes in complexity and structure of human communities generally drive great intellectual changes The rise of states from 3500 BCE onward fueled the idea of godlike kings The rise of larger, more bureaucratic empires from 800 BCE onward fueled the First Wave of Axial Thought (Confucianism, Buddhism, Greek philosophy, Judaism) The collapse of the Han and Roman Empires from 100 CE onward fueled the Second Wave of Axial Thought (Christianity; Islam; Mahayana, Theravada, and Zen Buddhism) Similarly, revival of large, complex empires after 500 CE (and especially after 1400 CE) drives a Third Wave of Axial Thought The Third Wave of Axial Thought is even messier, more complicated, and more debate than the first two waves Reinventing antiquity In eastern and western Eurasia, can divide Third-Wave Axial Thought into two phases First involves a sense that recent history and intellectual/spiritual life has been a time of decline form the grandeur of the ancient empires
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course IHUM 69B taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '11 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist 2 ho 5 - Human History II Week 3, lecture 2 The...

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