Hum Hist 2 ho 6

Hum Hist 2 ho 6 - Human History Week 4, lecture 1...

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Human History Scientific revolution 4/18/11 Week 4, lecture 1 Christian division Fears about heterodoxy growing within Europe as well as in Americas Protests against Church increase in 14th-15th centuries; in 1510s, Martin Luther’s protests in Germany about indulgences become center for mass Protestantism Luther insists on salvation through faith alone; like Wang Yangming, rejects needs for learned priests Eventually rejects authority of Pope too Protestant-Catholic wars explode in 1520s; millions die Catholic pushback through Council of Trent (1545-63) Rise of inquisitions in Europe The (partial) triumph of tradition By 1700, Axial thought has consolidated across most of Eurasia and its overseas colonies in new, Third-Wave forms Traditional religions now have more adherents than ever before Violence has become a recognized part of orthodoxy in many areas; belief has often been refocused on a personal relationship with divinity But northern Europe—especially NW Europe—beginning to look odd By 1700, astonishing changes in Europe—heliocentric theory, identification of air as a substance, understanding of blood and circulation, etc.: the scientific revolution 16th-century challenges to Axial thought in Europe Around 1400, distinct traditions of inquiry into nature around the world Chinese science is probably most advanced, then Arabic, then Indian, then European
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course IHUM 69B taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '11 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist 2 ho 6 - Human History Week 4, lecture 1...

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