Hum Hist 2 ho 10

Hum Hist 2 ho 10 - Human History Week 5, lecture 2 The...

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Human History Week 5, lecture 2 The energy revolution 4/27/11 Industrial revolution is most abrupt transformation in energy capture in whole of human history Why in Britain and why around 1800 CE? Huge range of theories—science; freedom; markets; capital; education; trade; wages Underlying most or all of these, though, is the Atlantic economy that developed in the 17th century, transforming northwest Europe Geography seems to be prime driver in determining that humans would learn to tap into fossil fuels around 1800 Might compare rise of agriculture after 9600 BCE—there were lots of places it could have happened, but geography stacked the odds in favor of the lucky latitudes and above all Southwest Asia However, the industrial revolution didn’t play out across the world quite like the agricultural revolution: much more sudden and traumatic The industrial revolution and earlier transitions Like earlier shifts (to agriculture, to cities/states, to empires, to guns and ships), begins in one place, drives up population and complexity, spreads from there
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Hum Hist 2 ho 10 - Human History Week 5, lecture 2 The...

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