Hum Hist 2 ho 13

Hum Hist 2 ho 13 - Human History Week 7 lecture 2 The wars...

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Human History Week 7, lecture 2 The wars of the world, 1914-91 5/11/11 Japan: emulation of industrial society Britain forces way into China in 1842, US into Japan in 1853 Very different outcomes Europeans carve China into spheres of influence, but in Japan indigenous leaders recognize that following European path involves accepting full package of liberalization, not just buying a few guns and ships Chinese fight Europeans and borrow heavily from European banks; Japanese negotiate relationships and raise indigenous capital China and Japan both start building railroads in 1876; Chinese governor of Shanghai tears up tracks in 1877, fearing their use by rebels In 1896, China has 370 miles of railroad; Japan has 3.700 miles Japan industrializes and borrows from western institutions: constitution in 1889 with voting for rich men (steadily widened); compulsory education introduced, with 1/3 of girls and 2/3 of boys in primary school in 1890 Japan becomes major regional military force Defeats China in 1895; signs naval treaty with Britain in 1902; defeats Russia in 1905 Wake-up call for West Breakdown of the Pax Britannica , 1870-1914
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Hum Hist 2 ho 13 - Human History Week 7 lecture 2 The wars...

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