Hum Hist 2 ho 14

Hum Hist 2 ho 14 - Human History Week 8, lecture 1 The...

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Human History Week 8, lecture 1 The Third World’s War, 1914-2011 5/15/11 The crisis of the European empires, 1940s-50s US-Soviet war is unthinkable by late 1950s; Mutual Assured Destruction No Third World War, but a War in the Third World, fought by US and Soviet proxies British/French empires reach greatest extent in 1920s-30s, but lack manpower, money Increasing nationalist resistance (e.g., Gandhi in India) and doubts among colonial administrators Japanese conquests of 1942 mark decisive point European empires largely reestablished after 1945, but never recover credibility Abrupt collapse after 1960; virtually vanish by 1970 The Cold War context of decolonization Decolonization takes place in context of Cold War USA and USSR can’t fight in Europe; work rivalry out in Third World wars Mostly struggles between client regimes and insurgents Communists take over China, 1949 European colonists pushed out Sometimes USA replaces European occupiers (e.g., British in Greece, 1947); sometimes
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course IHUM 69B taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '11 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist 2 ho 14 - Human History Week 8, lecture 1 The...

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