Hum Hist 2 ho 15

Hum Hist 2 ho 15 - Hum Hist II Week 8, lecture 2 One World?...

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Hum Hist II One World? 1945-2011 5/18/11 Week 8, lecture 2 The origins of liberal society, c. 1750-1918 New kinds of society appear in Western core in 18th-20th century Old, agrarian social structures can’t cope well with new economic forces, especially industrialism More open, liberal societies emerge Serfdom and slavery collapse; class, gender, religious, and racial boundaries weaken Liberalization is like an acid: freedom eats away at all barriers within and between societies; by 1900, democracies with mass franchises are becoming normal in wealthy industrialized nations Alternatives to liberalism, 1918-45 World War I is initially widely seen as proof that liberalization works: bourgeois democracies (USA, Britain, France) win; dynastic empires (Germany, Austria, Russia, Turkey) collapse However, the losers in the Great War often see things differently Russian Revolution produces not a liberal constitution but Bolshevik rule Germany (and Italy) embrace fascism
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Hum Hist 2 ho 15 - Hum Hist II Week 8, lecture 2 One World?...

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