Lecture 6 - Jan 20th

Lecture 6 - Jan 20th - Jan 20th 2011 215 The Self Concept...

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The Self Concept - tell me about yourself - people speak a lot about their family. people’s identity is intertwined with people in her environment. INTERDEPENDENT - whether people see themselves as deFned by the relationships they have with other individuals are that only deFne themselves independently - what are you all about - so who are you - what deFnes you Beginnings of the Self-Concept - except for human beings, only the great apes seem capable of self-recognition - self recognition: looking at re±ection of self and know that it is you - see yourself as a distinct entity, is an important Frst step in the development of a self- concept - idea that a dog knows he/she is a dog, and will seek out their own species for reproduction - but when they walk by the mirror they will think it is different dog (not themselves) TRUE OR ²ALSE? Humans are the only ones who can recognize themselves in the mirror: ²ALSE - at about 2-3 children can recognize that the image in the mirror is themselves. they play with their image in the mirror - evidence: if you put a red dot on their forehead and then they look in the mirror they reach for dot on their own forehead so they know that the re±ection is them - great apes also do this. the dot test on chimpanzee’s will also rub its forehead. Self Concept - self is an important object of our attention - cocktail party effect - whole bunch of individuals talking and you are not following the conversation but once someone says your name you hear it. - your vigilance for information about the self is high - self concept: - the sum total of beliefs that people have about themselves - self concept is made up of self-schemas - schema: an organized set of information that is brought to consciousness - when you think of yourself you have information about yourself all kept in the same place in your mind and might be further divided in sub-categories (athlete, wife, etc); each is a schema - self schema : beliefs about oneself that guide processing of self-relevant information - they are not necessarily in consciousness but a stimulus activates the information Jan 20th, 2011: 215
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Perceptions of our own behavior: Daryl Bem (1972): People can learn about themselves simply by watching their own behavior - you like apples because you saw yourself eat apples? you learn about yourself the same way you learn about other people. -
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 215 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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Lecture 6 - Jan 20th - Jan 20th 2011 215 The Self Concept...

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