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Unformatted text preview: EXAM: Chapters 1 - 5- yes read the articles that are posted Why do we fail to acknowledge the role of the situation? Gilbert and Malone (1995)- Social perception is a two-step process - involves both automatic and controlled processes - automatic: without intention, not deliberate, almost impossible to interfere with them, ex. frequency information of a voice- not perfect at situational inferences because they can be inFuenced by many things going on- controlled processes are heavily inFuenced by cognitive resources-situational information explains his behavior which revises the dispositional information you thought before.- you will still think he is rude because the last step is effortful (controlled) and situational- situational information will never completely undo the dispositional inferences that you make Attributions and Reactions- man is rude to his colleagues (dispositional attribution); chances are we wont like this person which will impact whether or not the person will be part of your life or how you behave in relation to this person. (story ends)- if we attribute their behavior to the fact that he was given an unfair evaluation we may think differently. maybe have a sympathetic reaction- attributions have to do with general perception as well as the feelings we have towards this individual as well as the behaviors we act to this person- lets say these two people are in a relationship:- negative behavior: he hit me again last night- dispositional attribution: he is an angry person and probably wont change- situation attribution: he was tired, I should not have annoyed him- these attributions will have different results depending on how she acts- sympathetic reaction: its not his fault I will stay- women in abusive relationships do everything they can to not make dispositional attributions and instead make situational attributes for excuses to stay in the relationship- if they make a dispositional attribution they will be motivated to leave but they are afraid to leave so they do everything they can to avoid it- why are they afraid?- his psychologist was seeing a man who was charismatic and entertaining and they had a lot of fun together and then she started seeing a different side of him (she was a PhD level psychologist and he just had a high 215: eb 1st, 2011 school degree). Her face was all beaten up and he urged her to leave the school degree)....
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 215 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Winter '11 term at McGill.
- Winter '11
- Social Psychology