Lecture 20 - March 22nd

Lecture 20 - March 22nd - 215 March 22nd 2011 Chapter 10...

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Chapter 10 - Helping Others - no studies on this midterm - ch. 6 - 11 - 25% midterm unless it works better to have it has 15%/35% (done by a case by case basis) VIDEO - captain Kurt was in danger and Spot threw himself in front of him to help him - why did he do that? he was worried that Captain Kurt would suffer - they are friends, it is his job? - is it completely altruistic? does he get reward from this? VIDEO 2 - Joey from friends tells Phoebe that there is no such thing as a selFess good act - if it makes you feel good does that still make it selFess? - picture: bull holding person by horns - we can experience the person suffering even though we have never experienced it - called empathy - empathy plays a large role in helping, we have a sense of another suffering which motivates us to help them - either we care about the person or we care about how the person is making us distressed - Prof story about lawnmower taking off his foot. you tell this story and people feel tingly feeling in stomach when they hear what happened to foot. - a ±reman dog goes into rubble to ±nd people; does he know? - maybe we help because it is a role or a guideline for self identity - what about when someone obviously needs help and you walk past them and ignore it? bystander effect: diffusion of responsibility. so many people around that you assume that someone will take care of it s you don’t have to Helping and Role Models - giving directions - donating money - sharing notes - helping someone lift groceries - most human beings do not go through a day without helping - what underlies helping behavior? Evolutionary Factors in Helping The “Selfsh Gene” - what is important is survival of the individual’s gene, not survival of the ±ttest individual - you want your genetic mateiral to be passed on - it can be passed on by YOU surviving or those RELATED to you; therefore we help those who we are related to - kinship selection : is the tendency to help genetic relatives - the more closely you are related, the more motivated to help 215: March 22nd, 2011
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- strongest when biological stakes are particularly high - so how do we explain all the helping we do for people not related to us? Evolutionary Factors in Helping: Reciprocal Altruism - what is the reproductive advantage of helping someone who is not related to you? - took screaming primates and recorded screams then played them back to other primates. when primates hear screams of the primate that just groomed them, they are more attentive - the person that we helped will feel pressure to help us (hence we help!) - through reciprocal altruism , helping someone else can be in your best interests - increases the likelihood that you will be helped in return
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Lecture 20 - March 22nd - 215 March 22nd 2011 Chapter 10...

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