MIDTERM 2 - STUDIES PDF - Chapter 7 1 p 218 research...

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Chapter 7 1. p. 218: research confederates stopped on a busy street in NYC and looked up. 80% of passers-by stopped and looked up 2. mimicry studies (in notes) 3. p. 220: asked subway riders to give up their seats , violation of norm! most people could not carry out this act and those that did pretended to be sick as an excuse for asking! 4. students read a story about a white police ofFcer shooting a black teen who was driving a stolen car. “Police Responsibility” group were told that others believed the ofFcer to be 75% responsible. “Victim Responsibility” were told that others believe the ofFcer to be 25% responsible. They had to rate their opinion of ofFcer responsibility. they agreed with the group standard 40% of the time (in each condition). 1 week later they were asked to recall the shooting incident and they recalled it more similar to their group norm. 5. what matters is not the amount of individual people but our perception of individual thinking minds. therefore 3 groups of 2 is more powerful than 2 groups of 3 or 1 group of 6! 6. p. 231: “excuse me may i use the machine, i have 5 pages “ (60%). “excuse me may i use the machine because i am in a rush” (94%). “excuse me may i use the machine because i have to make some copies” (93%!) 7. atypical pleas increase the amount of compliance. ex. “can i have a quarter” vs” can i have 17 cents”: 60% increase when asking for 17 cents. ex. sold more holiday cards when said they were 300 pennies vs 3 dollars 8. p. 232: waitress’s can increase their tips by writing “thank you” on the back of the bill. the feeling to reciprocate is short lived: coke study (in notes) the person feels the need to reciprocate right away (by buying the raf±e ticket) but a week later will do nothing 9. p. 233: when people were asked if they could Fnd directions to a non-existent location or decipher an unreadable message, they became more compliant with the next request (foot in the door). 10.p. 234: asked people to participate and once they agree THEN told them it was at 7 am. more people agreed once they already agreed to do the study. vs the people told right away that it was at 7 am agreed less 11. door in the face: p. 235: asked people to spend 2 hours a week for the next 2 years volunteering. people said no then asked if they would take delinquents on a trip and people said yes! vs just asked to take them on a trip very few agreed 12. that’s not all, folks! cupcakes were bought less when 75 cents then when they were 1 dollar, 25% off! 13. p. 237: a confederate ordered people to do strange things “pick up this bag!”. when dressed ordinarily 1/3 obeyed, when dressed in uniform 90%!
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Chapter 9 1. p. 294: lab rats are more likely to approach others of their species after a period of isolation and less likely to approach others after prolonged contact: sociostat 2. p. 300: ratings of attractive people done by people of all different cultures are fairly consistent 3. heavy women are judged as more attractive in places where food is frequently in short
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MIDTERM 2 - STUDIES PDF - Chapter 7 1 p 218 research...

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